What are the base of the healthcare ethics?
Within healthcare it is required that nurses and all staff should be mindful of healthcare ethics, these include beneficence, non-maleficence, autonomy and justice. This approach in nursing is to respect the autonomy of a patient, avoid harm to the patient, consider the interests of the patient and where possible do what benefits the patient, this is a framework that can be used to contribute towards person-centred care Although health professionals have a duty of care to provide person-centred care, the ethical model is not always being followed resulting in implications on person-centred care. This is due to health professionals not carrying out the correct technique of hand hygiene, which leads to enhancing the risk of health care associated infections, therefore is an act of neglect and impacts on non-maleficence.
Sometimes ethical issues can arise when health professionals have different views and wishes than that of a patient’s including the patient’s choice to not wash their hands. However, as a nursing professional, knowing that carrying out this procedure can reduce the risk of infection it is important to promote this as it is a hospitals ultimate goal is to reduce the risk and spreading of infection, endorsing patient centred care. To ensure the improvement of person-centred care, it is equally important that patients have the appropriate hand washing facilities available and are made aware that the facilities are available to them and they should be used. Regardless of any ethical issues that may arise patients should be given the knowledge of the importance of handwashing and the impact of reducing the risk of health care associated infections.
This maintains standards of care and promotes person-centred care.