What are the disadvantages of the Fukuyama’s End of History theory according to many people?
Most of the people against Fukuyama’s claims argue that, in fact, it became clear that prosperity is not best served either by the pursuit of laissez-faire, laissez-passer economics or by the extension of economic freedoms as evidence from China show that “China’s Marxist capitalism” made it possible to have wealth without freedom.
However, Samuel Huntington disagreed with Fukuyama’s thoughts as, in his book “The Clash of Civilizations and the Remaking of World Order”, he believed that in this new world the most important and serious conflicts will not be between social classes, rich and poor, or other economic groups, but between people belonging to different cultures and have different identities. Ethnic conflicts will occur within civilisations, while, divisions among human beings, conflicts and domination of power will occur between different civilizations. Huntington argued that cultural factors were suppressed during the Cold War by the powerful countries, but would eventually come to dominate the post-Cold War era.