What kind of leader is Agamemnon? What kind of warrior is Achilles? What kind of army is the Achaean army?
How does the poem begin? Why do you think Homer begins with these events, rather than the beginning of the Trojan War?
What is the role of the gods in the Iliad? To what extent are the events of the narrative the result of independent decisions made by the heroes, and to what extent are they influenced by the intervention of the gods?
What is the role of women in the poem? How are they represented? How do they interact with men?
What kind of warrior is Hector? Is he fighting for the same things as Achilles and Agamemnon?
Does Homer make distinctions between the Achaeans and the Trojans? Does he take sides in the conflict?