What are the abnormal results of glucose levels test?
Test results for patient 1 were normal. They had normal plasma glucose levels which are less than 6 mmol/l in fasting and less than 7 mmol/l after 2hrs of glucose load. This means that the patient does not have diabetes and is not suffering from other carbohydrate metabolism disorders. Haemoglobin Ac1 testing method or urinary dipstick can also be used to investigate the accuracy of the results further.
If a patient is newly diagnosed with type 2 diabetes, they can manage their condition by 10-20% modification of their lifestyle and diet such as increasing exercise, losing weight if obese, stop smoking, healthy diet (high complex – 55% carbohydrates and 15% protein). Low saturated fat intake and cholesterol (less than 250mg/day), limit salt intake (less than 6g/day) and alcohol. They also require insulin administration, and oral hypoglycemic drugs: 50%. This comprises sulphonylureas: increase insulin secretion from the beta cell in the pancreas, biguanides: increases insulin response in tissues and decreases hepatic glucose production, thiazolidinediones: decreases hepatic glucose production, and insulin resistance and increase enzymes of glucose and lipid metabolism.