What is the Arts and Craft Movement?
The Arts and Crafts Movement started in Britain, late nineteenth century by a group of British artists inspired by William Morris and John Ruskin. They want to return to well-made handicraft goods instead of mass-produced, poor quality machine items. Arts and Craft Movement then quickly spread to America, Europe and Japan. The reason why arts and craft movement come about was to return to the traditional way of crafting things. However, the movement drew on styles and manners of the medieval period such as cathedrals, furnishing and costumes. It aimed to refine the role of art and craftsmanship, elevate and ennoble the artisan and to create opportunities for women.
They were concern that they were going to lose craftsmanship, aesthetic of products and workers right. This motivates them to improve and make it better. They get creative by testing things, so it’s made for use. Their motivation was to make a good design with high quality unlike the machine as the machine doesn’t produce good quality. For the artist and architects of European Secession movement, they desired free art and design from historicism. However, the English became the concern with rural traditions. For their creative concern, I think they want the product to look rich with beauty. They want to restore what they have lost such as expressive of the craftsman freedom which is lost, I think it’s because of social.