What is biodiversity and what dangers it is facing?
Biodiversity is the wide range of living organisms from all sources, including terrestrial, marine, and other aquatic ecosystems and the ecological complexes of which they are part; this includes diversity within species, between species, and of ecosystems.
Biodiversity is being greatly affected as the management of land is causing the number of different plant species sometimes to decrease. Some of the main causes for biodiversity to decline is land use changes, pollution and the rapid increase in human population, which is increasing the demand for food and resources. This project focuses on the change in the land through the grazing and trampling of livestock.
Intensive farming plays a major role in the management of land and affecting species diversity.
Intensive farming is farming a method that aims to produce the maximum yield of crops or animals as possible from the land available, usually with the use of chemicals or keeping the animals indoors all year round.
Food production is increased by growing high-yield crops and removing other plants and pests which compete with the desired crop and adding larger volumes of fertilizers, insecticides, and pesticides to the soil to help with the growth.
This has been found to produce more and be a lot cheaper in both areas of farming the land and the animal, this helps to feed the rapidly increasing population. However, this method of farming has grown to be a massive threat to the Global Environment and has caused beneficial insects and plants are being killed, creates polluted runoff and clogged water systems, makes land more susceptibility to flooding, decreases biodiversity, destroys natural habitats and are significant contributors to the build-up of greenhouse gases in the atmosphere.
As a growing population, we rely on agriculture a lot for many different resources food, fuel. Over 30% of land globally is used for agriculture uses, and some of these activities are affecting the environment. Over 60 % of the land used for agriculture is affected by grazing of livestock. There is a large number of livestock being breed to meet with the rapid increase in human population around the world which are increased numbers of livestock grazing. Grazing of livestock have effects on the habitats of animal species and populations of plant and animal species.