What is the Carroll’s Four-Part Model of CSR?

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The most established and widely acknowledged model of CSR is the ‘Four-part model of corporate social responsibility, created by Carroll, and further refined in subsequent publications. This model is depicted in Figure 2.1. Carroll’s beliefs are based on the foundation that CSR is a multi-layered pyramid, which can be categorised into four interdependent sections; economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic responsibilities. In order to gain “true,” social responsibility businesses must meet all four levels consecutively. As a result, Carroll and Buchholtz proposed the subsequent definition: “Corporate social responsibility includes the economic, legal, ethical, and philanthropic expectations placed on organisations by society at a...
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