What are the changes in law relating to corporate crimes?

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Corporate crimes, in the 20th century, were addressed using conventional criminal law practices. This meant that the burden of proof was on the prosecution to prove beyond reasonable doubt that company officers had ‘knowingly and wilfully’ broken the law. Wrongdoers consequently were awarded a presumption of innocence, were able to take advantage of a criminal’s constitutional rights and there was a requirement that offenders had to be found subjectively culpable of wrongdoing. Since 1998, however, corporate crimes have increasingly been addressed by regulatory crime mechanisms, which avoid ‘onerous due process safeguards’ and has led to the much greater employment of strict liability. To allow...
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