What are the concepts of the End of History theory?
The End of History theory suggests that the western liberal democracy will dominate the final form of human government and no other conflicts will take place, however, the theory of ‘Clash of Civilizations’ indicates that conflicts will exist, but it will be between different civilisations not for political or economic reasons. Afterwards came the ‘Dialogue of Civilizations’ by the United Nations as a response to the Clash of Civilizations theory which suggests a dialogue between different civilizations to spread peace and security among all nations. The American political scientist Francis Fukuyama announced in his theory ‘End of History’ that the great ideological battles between east and west were over and that western liberal democracy had triumphed, as, with the collapse of the Soviet Union socialism, which is considered as the main threat to liberalism, was defeated. Therefore, Fukuyama claimed that what we may be witnessing is not just the end of the Cold War or the passing of a particular period of post-war history, but the end of history, the end point of any ideological evolution and the domination of Western liberal democracy as the final form of human government.