What is the current situation with health care associate infections in the UK?
Currently within the UK, associated infections are one of the most common adverse problems, having huge consequences implicating on person-centred nursing care. WHO suggest that 1 in 10 people acquire an infection whilst receiving care; this is shown by a quantitative research study used in numerous countries. Evidence to support this from the National Institute for Health and Care Excellence stating that if the use of hand washing and hand decontamination is effective this results in substantial reductions of potential pathogens carriage on hands which in turn, decreases the risk and incidence of health care associated infections. If a patient’s health outcomes are improved this could influence the person-centred care of that patient enhancing their recovery and quality of life.
Within this local City Hospitals Sunderland NHS Foundation Trust policy there are guidelines, evidence based research and government policies that support the effective use of hand hygiene and why it should be used. The Health and Social Care Act suggest that within every organisation they should follow a hand hygiene policy using evidence based guidelines and research. Within this local hand hygiene policy Epic National Guidelines have reinforced that for best practice, guidelines should be included and followed within any policy. To support this NICE, which is a government health authority have set out guidelines based on evidence-based practice to improve outcomes and health for people using health services. There should also be national evidence-based guidelines, integrated into a policy which will reduce the variation of different techniques in practice maintaining the safety of patients. Ellis and Standing also support this by suggesting that as health professionals are supporting the development of inter-professional and person-centred care approach to patients and the increase of autonomous working, it is essential for the nurse to ensure they practise in line with the best available evidence.