What is the definition of urban space in relation to the surrounding city?
Urban space follows the same principals as urban morphology namely form, function and connectivity.
“Internal space, shielded from weather and environment is an effective symbol of privacy; external space is seen as open, unobstructed space for movement in the open air, with public, semi-public and private zones.”.
There are two basic forms of urban space; internally the corridor and the room; externally the square and the street. Corridors are used not just as a means of moving from one part of the building to another but can be informative and educational for example in the school setting. Rooms have numerous functions such as offices, retail, food, toilets or commerce, depending on the character of the building. However, it is the external space that is most relevant in urban morphology. The square was probably the first designed space as it would have historically been control of inner space and defence of outer space. An additional function of the square would have been for trade and socializing. Again, the link with the economy of urban morphology can be seen. In modern times the square is primarily used for street entertainment with surrounding buildings mainly used as restaurants. The original function is only kept alive with planned activities that reflect historical use. Alternatively, the square can be redeveloped so that it more realistically meets the needs of the current users. An example of this is the Landhausplatz in Innsbruck.