What is the equipment used for loading and discharging cargoes?
The loading and discharging operations of bulk materials like coal, Iron ore, grains, and cement are almost completely mechanized.
Discharge is by grabs or suction pipes, and loading is via a conveyor belt.
As a result of the mechanization and automation of the loading and discharging process, bulk cargo handling requires a minimal workforce to load/discharge vessels.
Below are some equipment used:
This is a funnel-shaped container used to collect materials such as grain or coal, to be stored in readiness for dispensation. A door/hatch is located in the floor through which materials are unloaded.
A hydraulic or motorized lifting device used to pick up, transport and dump loads of bulk materials, enabling it to be stacked.
A machine which is generally equipped with a hoist, wire ropes or chains that can be used both to lift/lower materials and move them horizontally. It is mainly used for lifting and transporting objects.
- Suction pipe – unloader:
A pipe or tubing collects and transfers heavy material on land, through the process of exerting a force upon the bulk material because of reduced air pressure (compressor) over part of its surface consequently under suction. It’s also used for handling commodities such as grains.
- Terminal Conveyor belt – loading
Equipment used to transport industrial and agricultural materials, such as grain, coal, ores, fines and lumps material. Conveyor belt systems generate less dust. The dust may damage ship’s machinery as well as the health of personnel.