What does the Home office provide?
On top of the Annual Grant Report, the Home office also provide additional special and specific grants whose funding comes from the Home Office resource departmental expenditure limit crime and policing group. These grants encompass a wide array of topics and issues and are not always allocated equally or to every police force. For example, this is true of the National and International Capital City Grant which is a grant allocated to the two police forces in London in order to accommodate for the additional pressure to police and resources put on by the capital. Some of the grants are also funded by re-allocating money from the Annual Grant Report to said grants, an example of this is the Police Special Grant, a grant which allocates funds to police forces which have been met with unprecedented additional pressures. Other grants include but are not limited to the Police Innovation Fund and more recently the Council Tax Freeze Grant.
In England and Wales, each police force has an elected Police and Crime Commissioner (PCC) whose responsibilities revolve around the management and supervision of their respective police forces finances, activities, and practices. It should be noted that while the PCC is involved with a police forces finances, the Chief Constable of a force is responsible for the day to day management of the force’s finances.
Another way in which funds are raised is through council tax. A PCC can levy a precept on council tax bills in order to raise funds for the police force. Each proposed precept is subject to approval from the respective police forces Police and Crime panels with a limitation capped at a 2% raise. If a proposal exceeds the limit, it has to be met with a total tax referendum which the respective PCC has to bear the cost of.