What is the impact of societal change according to the functionalist perspective?
According to the functionalist perspective, societal change has a negative impact on the family by weakening the consensus on which it is based. Parsons believes that change in one aspect requires adjustments in other aspects. When these adjustments do not occur, equilibrium disappears. Functionalism emphasises that social structure, not just individual motivation produces deviance. It argues that social condition exerts actual pressure on the individual to behave in non-conforming ways. According to the theory Michael primary socialization was missed. Instead of love, caring and values learned at this stage, he received aggression, violence and intimidation. Michael is not in education, employment or training, three keys factors which help society member to build an adult identity, give them a purpose in life, a reason to get up in the morning and keep on the right side of the law as they have so much to lose if they don’t. Michael is detached from society and its values. Society gave him the opportunity to succeed through education and foster care as a second family. In return, he supposed to conform to the norms of society and try to achieve success through the normal means like working hard at school.