What is the individual’s risk of cardiovascular disease?

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The life course model suggests that an individual’s risk of cardiovascular disease is influenced by exposures at every stage. Chronic stressors and other modifiable factors can have a cumulative effect, increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease in any stage. When children go through the adverse experience, their immediate risk to the disease increases as well as their lifetime risk. Grover et al. 2015 suggest that excess body weight increases the risk of cardiovascular disease and adopting...
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