What is the intermodal freight transport?
Intermodal freight transport is a cargo transferring system by using more than two modes of transportation in an intermodal container where each of these modes has its own contract. The primary objective of transferring goods is to move it safely and securely without creating a pessimistic impact to the8 surroundings and also in low-cost. Traditionally, roads were used for transferring goods by using trucks which had resulted in congestions, damage to goods, waiting for cost and environmental pollution. As per the UK freight transport standards, the government announced speed limits for HGV’s over 7.5 tonnes on dual carriageways and also introduced HGVs road user levy for both foreign and the UK haulers to reduce the emission of carbon footprints. Even then, intermodal freight transport is essential to produce a green environment by minimizing the time spent on the road. As per the research IFT reduce 20% of transportation cost and maximizing the utilization of train loading up to 63% ( IFT in distribution: literature review ). Essentially, the intermodal system can reduce 57% of carbon emission compared to unimodal transportation.
Even though freight transportation is an inevitable part of our life, the consequences created by them to the environment is also an unavoidable factor. Many policies have been implemented to reduce the carbon emission created by road freight transport. Precisely, Mode Shift Revenue Support (MSRS) Scheme is considered, it provides a subsidy to the companies with the operating cost associated with rail or inland water freight transport instead of the road where those modes of transport are expensive. This policy is mainly designed to generate environmental and social benefits by supporting modal shift. European Commission approved MSRS to operate until 31 March 2020.