What are the key aspects studied by Freud?
MARGINALISATION – When individuals or groups are forced to live on the edges or outside mainstream society
DISEMPOWERMENT – Not enabling people to take control of their own lives.
SOCIAL EXCLUSION – Exclusion from social system, its rights, and privileges usually as a result of poverty or belonging to a minority social group.
Social exclusion occurs when individuals or communities of people are systematically blocked or excluded from various rights, opportunities, and resources. Basically anyone that deviates from the ‘perceived norm’ of a population can become subject to coarse or subtle forms of social exclusion. The impact of this can leave a person or group feeling disempowered.
Having mental health problems ended up in Jackie being sectioned (detained under the mental health act) sometimes. Although Jackie needed this care help and support being sectioned made her feel worse because authoritative figures had taken charge of her life this left Jackie feeling like her freedom and independence was gone, she could no longer visit friends or family, her choices had been taken away and that she had no control of her own life or recovery this all resulted in Jackie feeling disempowered excluded with a lack of self-worth.
LABELING – Attaching a meaning or definition to someone based on a stereotype or limited knowledge of them.
STEREOTYPING – Labelling someone as part of a group and not seeing them as an individual (a belief).
DISEMPOWERMENT – Treating someone unfairly / differently to others (an action).
There is often a vicious circle between discrimination, stereotyping and prejudice. Prejudice opinions can lead to labeling / stereotyping people which can cause discrimination. When people have stereotyped views of others, it can cause them to think and feel negatively towards them (prejudices) and therefore treat them in a discriminatory way as can society. Discrimination happens when our attitudes or beliefs are transmitted into actions.
Jackie’s mental health and alcohol problems meant that Jackie experienced a lot of discrimination through labeling (labeled a drunk) and stereotyping (the same as all the other alcoholics) because of this Jackie now felt disadvantaged as nobody trusted her anymore, employers would not employ her, etc. This left her with little life chances and lack of opportunity and choice in which to grow or reach her full potential.