What was made to save the environment in the 1990s?
However, despite the overwhelming declarations and international talks of environmentalism that was fundamentally anthropocentric, there were some declarations that were not overly anthropocentric but incorporated the essence of harmless ecological status. An instance of this is the 1990 ecological, human rights proposal by the Ukrainian delegation to the Commission on Human Rights. Although it is said that the proposal was innovative and seemed to be of human interests, but according to Bosselmann, such proposals could be useful in the expansion of the declarations to incorporate the need to protect and maintain the ecological balance of nature adequately.
There were efforts to put in place a right to safe environments in the period before the 1992 Conference on Environment and Development. One of such is the Draft Earth Charter, but the Rio Declaration was eventually adopted, and it considers the sustainable development. The declaration is, however anthropocentric as it expressed as: “Human beings are at the center of concerns for sustainable development. They are entitled to a healthy and productive life in harmony with nature”. This clearly indicates the European or even global recognition of environmental, human right and a further solidification of anthropocentrism. There is the inclusion of a right to a decent environment by the Organization of Economic Cooperation and Development and the Charter on Environmental Rights and Obligations drafted by the United Nations Economic Commission for Europe, “which maintains the right of everyone to an environment adequate for general health and wellbeing and the responsibility to protect and conserve the environment for present and future generations”. This clearly reflects the ideas of New Environmentalism as in its early stages it saw the call for conservation of natural resources and the preservation of natural parks and wildlife, this still puts human beings and human needs at the forefront of the movement. Notably, the Council of Europe gave considerations to various proposals that incorporate an environmental, human right to the European Convention on Human Rights. Other proposals have focused on changes to the European Social Charter. However, none of these proposals have yet succeeded.