Why may special educational needs occur for children?
As all children are unique special educational needs can occur. Some children and young people require an additional level of support, to ensure they benefit from education, whether it is to prepare them for learning in school or to prepare them for life after school. A child’s additional support needs can be both long- and short-term, or continuum of needs. Simply, it is the care a child needs to help them get through a difficult period. There are many reasons why a child may require additional support to help them learn. This can be due to physical or mental health needs, learning disabilities, family circumstances or social and emotional factors. When considering the immediate needs of a child and the provision of support The Education (Additional Support for Learning) (Scotland) Act, 2004 informs practitioners and organisations of their duties and parents of their rights. To further identify and respond to concerns GIRFEC stresses the importance of well-being by encompassing a whole child approach to understanding the risks and needs of an individual child.
Every child desires to be healthy, achieving, nurtured, active, respected, included, responsible, and safe. Safety focuses on a child’s continuum of needs as practitioners when observing a child, should remain alert to potential risk factors in the child’s life (Gov.scot, 2018).