What motivational theories do you know?
Many organization today, use the 4 motivational theories to create structure and value within the business by following these theories, managers can motivate individuals to give the best performance possible, Frederick Winslow Taylor put forward the idea that workers are motivated mainly by pay, this is generally true because nowadays, employees either work for a business due to the pay they are being offered, workers do not naturally enjoy work, and because of that they need close supervision and control. Therefore, managers should break down production into small task.
The second theory was made by Elton Mayo according to him he believed that workers are not just concerned with money but could be better motivated by having their social needs met while at work.
The third was Abraham Maslow along with Frederick Herzberg, which introduced the neo-human relation, Maslow put forward a theory that there is five level of human need which employee needs to have fulfilled at work.
A business should, therefore, offer different incentive to work in order to help them fulfill each need in turn and progress up, manager also need to find different way to motivate different employees as everyone is different and don’t have the same mindset which means in order to motivate them you will have to plan and develop different strategies of thinking and approaching them.
The fourth theory, was introduced by Frederick Herzberg where he believed that there were certain factors that a business could introduce that would directly motivate employee to work harder according to him Herzberg said “ businesses should motivate employees by adopting a democratic approach to management and by improving the nature and content of actual job through cetin methods for example Job enlargement, job enrichment, empowerment.