What is the natural solution to the problem of a perpetual state of war?
Thus the natural solution to this problem of a perpetual state of war for Hobbes is to limit the natural right of each which is achieved by having the individuals within a state of nature surrendering their natural right to a sovereign through a contract. Hobbes does concede that a contract can break down very simply and thus in order for individuals to maintain the contract that they surrendered to it is necessary to install the fear or reprimand and punishment in order to ensure that the subject ‟fears the consequence of breaking their word”, thus rendering the social contract absolutely necessary in order to maintain security and peace that a sovereign promises through the individuals entering a social contract and in order to ensure that the social contract is adhered to at all times it necessary to ensure the subjects have a fear of punishment and in order for this fear of punishment to be successful it is necessary to have a sovereign.
A sovereign influence is absolutely crucial in order for fear of punishment to be successful. Within the state of nature, each equally shares the right to punish and thus no one individual is superior as they do not hold the natural right and it is instead spread out among the many making the task of punishment extremely difficult to administer. However this total power can be established by social contract.