What is the Necessity of Environmental Management Systems?
A prime example of how organisations are transitioning to be more sustainable is through the increased practice of employing an Environmental Management System (EMS). An EMS is a framework of guidelines, which are designed to help organisations achieve environmental and sustainability targets set on them by governments or internal decision makers. This is attained through the initial implementation of new procedures to increase efficiency and reduce said organisations direct or indirect impact on the environment. These targets remain under constant evaluation in order to ensure it has the desired effect and to improve upon the system if possible. An EMS can be altered to suit individual organisations which differ in procedures and targets. One of the most common approaches to an EMS is to incorporate the International Organisation for Standardization (ISO) 14001 EMS, which is recognised globally, gives the organisation adopting the system practical tools to accomplish their targets, an advantage in the market, and aids them in meeting government regulations. The two other significant management systems are Acorn BS 8555 British Standard and Eco-Management Audit Scheme (EMAS). These schemes are similar, however, the BS 8555 is more suited towards small businesses and EMAS is a voluntary and free EU audit scheme (WRAP, 2015). Organisations incorporating an EMS is a step towards creating a more sustainable industry sector, aiding in the reduction of greenhouse gas emissions.