What is the phenomenon of the United Nations and the call for dialogue?
The Clash of the Civilizations by Samuel Huntington gave expression to the idea that conflict would widen between civilisations, he asserted that in a world that was becoming smaller, differences were intensifying, tensions within States would escalate to violence and States from different regions would compete to gain influence. The theory ignored the fact that differences between people are good for the welfare of all and the shrinking of distance could instead result in bringing people closer to one another. for that purpose, the general assembly resolution entitled “United Nations Year of Dialogue among Civilizations” was proposed in 1998. The purposes and principles embodied in the Charter of the United Nations called for collective effort to strengthen friendly relations among nations, remove threats to peace and foster international cooperation to resolve international political, economic, cultural, and social issues. They also promoted respect for human rights and the essential freedoms for all people.
Those principles consider tolerance as one of the fundamental values essential to international relations in the twenty-first century and should include the active promotion of peace and dialogue among different cultures and civilizations, with mutual respect for all the diversity of languages, cultures and beliefs between human beings, and above this, treat those differences as an essential asset for the existence of humanity.