What are the prevention methods of CVD in Ghana and the UK?
In Ghana, the primary prevention work mainly targeted actions by implementations of policies related to tobacco, alcohol, diet, physical activity and immunization. The advantage of these preventive works was that it targeted risk factors in a comprehensive manner which is essential for the country. Ghana Accessibility and Affordability Programme as a sole private-public partnership project involving pharmaceutical companies aimed to increase access to medicines that patients in the pilot areas might not be able to afford including medications for cardiovascular disease. Many prevention programs are also implemented in faith-based organizations after seeing the success rate in developed countries. However, socio-cultural barriers affected the outcome of the programme. Lack of governance is also an issue affecting the outcome of preventive work in Ghana.
In case of UK, it has been found that well-structured and systematic risk assessment and risk management programs are effective in raising awareness and preventing CVD related outcomes. The success of case findings programs in the UK also contributes to the assessment of risk and management of CVD. The evaluation of preventive works in the UK in this area gives the lesson that if dedicated staffs are involved, and proper coordination with primary care is done, the the success of the risk assessment process is guaranteed. Tools like electronic health records can be used to identify number of patients with cardiovascular risk. Also, the evaluation of preventive works in Ghana gives the insight that proper legal and regulatory governance is critical for the success of prevention efforts. Governance reform is essential to take the effective response to the cardiovascular disease epidemic. Hence, political parties and several other parties must be involved to implement laws related to the prevention of LCD. Development agencies need to identify where maximum assistance is needed for the success of preventive work and incident management for cardiovascular disease. Educational policies are also needed that starts health promotion in school curriculum too.