What problems does climate change lead to?
Climate change and the increasing number of problems it causes can be considered a pervasive feature of international relations due to the way in which it affects all countries. According to NASA, carbon dioxide levels in the air are at the highest they’ve been in 650,000 years, NASA has also discovered that the overall global temperature has risen 1.8F since 1880. The increasing problems that have arisen due to climate change have posed questions regarding how we should try to fix or avoid further global warming and who if anyone should bear the costs. Quantitative and qualitative evidence will be used to assess the strengths and weaknesses of each potential solution.
One argument that has been made regarding who should bear the costs of righting the effects of climate change states that the countries who have contributed the most to climate change should pay, for example, the BBC suggests that the US and the countries which are now the EU have been responsible for more than 50% of the worlds carbon dioxide emissions since 1850 .
Although, it could be said that all countries should contribute to the costs of avoiding further climate change as global warming affects everyone, the inhabitants of the Maldives are already feeling the effects of global warming despite the fact they have not contributed as much as others to climate change suggesting that perhaps the countries with historical responsibility for emissions such as the UK with the industrial revolution should be obliged to compensate for countries that have not contributed as much as others such as The Maldives.