What are the results the two-panel surveys BHPS and ELSA have shown?
Overall, the results from the two-panel surveys BHPS and ELSA clearly show a strong and unfavorable effect that local area crime has on the mental health of people, especially those living within the city. As the total crime rate rises by a standard deviation of 1, the mental health rate also rises to range through the standard deviation of 8% and 15%. The results from the BHPS data mentions that as the rate of crime increases in the local area, the mental health of residents becomes worse. The results obtained from the ELSA dataset have similar findings as the BHPS data set. The condition GHQ–Anxiety and Depression found that if an individual is exposed to crime and is concerned about it, they will be more likely to suffer from depression and anxiety. This change is shown in their daily routine, affecting their social life and outdoor activities.
The findings show that crime is broken down into ten categories and is differentiated between the various types of crime. Although property crime has a more substantial impact on the mental well-being of individuals, violent crime also plays an important role. Evidence shows that property crime affects women twice as much as it affects men. The effects of property crime are identical to those of total crime, thereby creating the same impacts on mental health. Property crime is usually the most common type of crime that occurs in an area where people reside. However, violent crime usually occurs in a larger surrounding and is not restricted to a particular neighborhood.