What are the social determinants of health and conditions in which people are born, grow, work, live?
Unemployment is a major social determinant that is affecting hundreds of thousands of people on a daily basis. Unemployment plays a huge factor in mental and physical health in the lives of many people. “Mental Health refers to a positive sense of purpose and an underlying belief in one’s own worth, e.g., feeling good, feeling able to cope.” “Physical Health concerns the body, e.g., fitness, not being ill.” Studies show that unemployed individuals are more likely to self-report much worse health status and may experience more depressive symptoms. It is also shown that employment allows individuals to live healthier, happier lifestyles, allowing for them to live in safer places and afford the necessary health care.
Unemployment also plays a huge factor in the living conditions of many people and unfortunately results in many people and families becoming homeless. The mental health of many individuals is continuously being put at risk due to unemployment and lack of job security. The mental health issues that individuals develop are often the main cause of physical health issues that arise from unemployment.
There are many different reasons for individuals to develop mental health disorders, but
unemployment plays a very big role in mental health. Mental health disorders include anxiety,
depression, schizophrenia, and alcohol and drug dependency. It is shown that many common
mental disorders result from stressful experiences, such as unemployment. It is also said that in multiple countries around the world that there is a need to prevent common mental disorders such as anxiety and depression by action on the social determinants of health, as well as improving the treatment of existing conditions. From research, it is shown that the average number of people with psychological problems were 34% for unemployed individuals compared to 16% for employed individuals. It is also shown that men are usually more distressed by women due to unemployment.