What are the two theories of attachment?
Outline and critically evaluate two theories of attachment. Consider the impacts that deprivation and privation have upon development.
Attachment is a strong and ongoing emotional connection (tie) which develops over time between an infant and their primary caregiver. This bond is a two –way process. According to says that attachment is as “a close emotional relationships between two individuals characterized by mutual affection and a desire to mountain closeness” according to, the quality of the love that the mother gives her child in the first number of years 0-2 years is the most important as it has a massive and long-term impact on the child.
Throughout this assignment, it will be discussed about the many important parts in which attachment has an impact on our lives. So from doing this, it will cover the two main theories in the attachment which are the learning theory, it will look into two well know psychologists involved who are. In this section, also will look into is attachment learned a natural behavior, Also throughout will look in other psychologists and connections to the two theories. The second main theory involved in the attachment is the evolutionary theory, this will be a discussion to and how his theory is seen to be more biological than a Behaviourist view so Nature and nurture debate comes into each of these theories. Finally a discussion of the impact which is deprivation and privation on development. In this section, it will look into how they affect development.
The Learning theory of attachment is known as behaviorist definition which says that attach is seen to develop through classical and operant conditioning. It refers too many as it is a popular theory in psychology today which is known as the cupboard love theory, the reason as it is explained is that the infant attaches to the caregiver or the parent who feeds them. Authors suggest that attachment is a set of learning behaviors. The infants learn to associate the feeder (as the primary caregiver) with the comfort of being fed, and this is done through classical conditioning, come to find contact with the primary caregiver comforting.