What type of relationship do conscientiousness and exercise addiction have?
Overall there was no significant relationship between conscientiousness and exercise addiction, consistent with the findings of Hausenblas & Giacobbi. Consequently, there was a positive correlation between conscientiousness and exercise addiction in females. People high in conscientiousness tend to be strong-willed and determined. These individuals also strive to achieve and display extreme self-discipline. Based on these assumptions, it is feasible that consciousness people may engage in sport and exercise to achieve an end goal, such as winning an important game in sport. Moreover, there was also a moderate significant correlation between conscientiousness and neuroticism, yet it was present in both male and female. This correlation is consistent with the findings of Beckmann, Wood & Minbashian who found that this two-factor combination between conscientiousness and neuroticism produces a narcissistic personality.
This two-factor combination could also be a reasonable explanation into why both male and females displayed greater narcissism. It has also been suggested that people high in neuroticism and conscientiousness display a heightened desire to fulfill satisfaction levels, a characteristic which is considered highly narcissistic. Based upon these observations, the significant correlation between conscientiousness and neuroticism is consistent with other researcher’s findings. Furthermore, athletes in team sports tend to display greater levels of conscientiousness than non-athletes as participation in sport is generally associated with positive emotions such as being efficient and feeling energetic. Thus, it may be possible that females reporting high conscientiousness scores are energetic and efficient, characteristics which could be enhanced and reinforced through participation in sport.