What should be used for fluid resuscitation: crystalloids or colloids?

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There has been an ongoing debate regarding whether crystalloids or colloids should be used for fluid resuscitation. Both have their advantages and disadvantages. Crystalloids in excess can cause peripheral and pulmonary edema whereas colloids in excessive use can cause cardiac failure and well as edema peripherally and pulmonary. Intravenous fluid substitution for patients with predicted acute pancreatitis should be established with 250-350 ml/hr for the first 48 hours. Restoration of normal cardiocirculatory functions objectified by heart-rate, systolic or mean arterial blood pressure,...
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