What is a Cardiovascular disease?
Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a class of disease that involve the heart or the blood vessels comprising of ischemic heart disease, cerebrovascular disease (stroke) and disease of the aorta and arteries. About 80% of premature NCD death is caused by the above four types of NCDs and among them cardiovascular diseases (CVD) a number one leading cause of mortality globally (WHO 2017). Cardiovascular has become a global health problem predominantly existing in the developed countries but extending into the developing countries. The report is specifically focused on analyzing global trends related to prevalence and transmission of cardiovascular disease as well as the health care system in developed and developing countries as it is a great disease burden.
Global health is health issues that transcend national boundaries and governments and call for actions on the global forces that determine the health of people (Kickbush 2006). As reported by WHO 2017, an estimated 17.7 million people died from cardiovascular disease in 2015, signifying 31% of all global deaths. Of these deaths, an estimated 7.4 million were due to coronary heart disease and 6.7 million to stroke. Also, the diagram in Figure 1 elucidates the global spread of cardiovascular disease. The burden is not limited to high – income countries as over three-quarters of CVD deaths occur in low- and middle-income countries as well.