What is agriculture and why is it important?
For the majority of the time of which humans have occupied this planet, they have survived in the same was as most (non-domestic) animals still currently do – by hunting and gathering the resources required for them survive. There are still communities around the globe who still use a variation of this way of life. However the vast majority of the world now relies on some form of agriculture. One of the definitions of agriculture is the deliberate and controlled intervention by humans to increase the reproductive success of both plants and animals and to use them to their benefit. Archaeologists have researched and debated the topic of agriculture and its origins for many years and to this day have not come up with a definitive answer to the question. Today scientists still argue whether the adoption of agricultural techniques by the previously hunter-gatherer communities of the time occurred by accident or whether these communities knew the benefits of changing lifestyle and proceeded to begin domesticating both animals and plants with a pre-meditated plan in place. Agriculture can be split into three basic categories domestication, cultivation, and herding.