What will happen in the future according to Huntington?
Huntington also claimed that conflict would occur in the future between states that belonged to different civilisations, those civilisations are: Western, Confucian, Japanese, Islamic, Hindu, Orthodox and Latin American, some of these are defined by geography or political-legal boundaries, while others are defined by religion. Conflicts will more likely occur among countries who share the same geographic borders. In sum, the most important and powerful countries in the world come from different civilisations thus, the local conflicts that are most likely to escalate into broader wars are those between states from different civilizations.
People who are against this theory argue that more than 20 years from the end of the Cold War have passed and there’s still no evidence for the claims he made. Moreover, Huntington believed that “Islam” is expansionist and prone to violence, his most famous statement was “Islam has bloody borders, but the events of the past years have shown how unreasonable it was, an example for that is Egypt, The Muslim Brotherhood had been outlawed by the army with massive popular support, including support from the more conservative Salafi Muslims. The theory predicted that Saudi Arabia would side with the Brotherhood, but in fact, the Saudis hated the Brotherhood and supported the army against them by millions of dollars in aid.